Leonardo da Vinci is one of the greatest artists known to the world with his masterpiece. Da Vinci’s most famous masterpieces are The Last Supper and Mona Lisa. Apart from being an artist, Da Vinci also had an interest in science such as mathematics, engineering, geology, astronomy, botany or botanical science, and cartography (mapping).
The Life Journey of Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci was the first of 12 children. When he was 14 years old, da Vinci moved to Florence to train and took an apprenticeship program with Andrea del Verrocchio. He is a teacher who had studied at Donatello. Donatello was a master of the early Renaissance period. Apart from drawing, painting, and sculpture, Leonardo also studied human anatomy, architecture, mathematics, and other sciences.
One of Leonardo da Vinci’s most famous techniques is his ability to create gentle gradations through the sfumato technique. Using his in-depth knowledge of paint materials and brushstrokes he developed techniques that enabled him to model simulated subtle gradations of flesh and cloth in paintings. As well as soft highlights from hard materials such as crystals or the smooth surface of the hair texture.
Leonardo da Vinci’s return to Florence spurred one of his productive periods in painting. The works he completed during this period were: Virgin and Child with Saint Anne, his most famous painting Mona Lisa, and the Battle of Anghiari. His thoughts on architecture, mathematics, engineering, science, human anatomy, and his philosophy of art, painting, drawing, and the humanities gave him credibility as a true renaissance genius.
Famous Works of Leonardo da Vinci
The Monalisa painting is the most famous masterpiece of Leonardo da Vinci. It is a portrait of Lisa Gherardini. She is the wife of a Florentine merchant named Francesco del Gioconda. Half-body compositions for portrait painting were an innovative thing in the Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci managed to counteract this by not cutting the composition right in the middle of the body but slightly deviating downward. The use of sfumato creates a believable texture on both the skin of the portrait and the clothes it wears. The technique also creates an enigmatic mystery in the smiling expression Lisa is famous for today. Besides
there is also the painting The Last Supper that is also Da Vinci’s very well-known masterpiece. Every little intricate detail was described by Leonardo da Vinci. He also uses a one-point perspective, the result of calculations from his mathematical knowledge.
He put Jesus in the center and almost everyone in the scene has a rhythm that directs our eyes to him. The use of the one-point vanishing perspective technique in this painting also makes it unified in his painting medium, namely the walls. The walls are transformed into a virtual room behind them, giving the illusion of expanding the room.
Da Vinci had great ideas in every brilliant masterpiece. He is also well known for his varied artistic abilities. Not only a genius in terms of art Da Vinci also helped advance sciences such as astronomy, anatomy, and even culinary.